Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
Social Security Administration
The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program is a means-tested program for elderly individuals, as well as blind or disabled adults and children, who have limited income and resources. General tax revenues are used to fund these program benefits.
Agency Accountable Official: Carolyn Colvin, Acting Commissioner of Social Security
Note: Please note that the data listed in the tables and graphs above are based on cases sampled in a prior year. For example, the fiscal year 2012 improper payment rate of 9.2 percent that is stated above is based on cases sampled in fiscal year 2011.
Supplemental Security Income is a complex program because eligibility and monthly payments are highly sensitive to fluctuations in monthly income, resources, and living arrangements. Improper payments often occur if recipients, or their representative payees, fail to timely report changes in any of these factors.
To determine payment accuracy, the Social Security Administration (SSA) samples program recipients to make certain they are being paid correctly. SSA uses a statistically valid sample to determine the program payment accuracy rates. From the sampled cases in fiscal year 2012 (which are reported on in fiscal year 2013), the program's projected overpayments were $3.4 billion, or 6.3 percent of benefits paid, a statistically insignificant decrease from fiscal year 2011, when overpayments were 7.3 percent of benefits paid. After several years of continuing decline in payment accuracy, SSA reversed the trend in fiscal year 2009. The program strives to balance service delivery with integrity activities, which ensure that recipients continue to meet eligibility requirements. The programs projected underpayments totaled $0.95 billion, representing 1.8 percent of payments in fiscal year 2012. The underpayment rate has remained relatively constant. Read More...